Simulation of adaptation of blood vessel geometry to flow and pressure: Implications for arterio-venous impedance

Abstract

Aortic input impedance relates pressure to flow at the aortic entrance distal to the aortic valve. We designed the CircAdapt three-element model of this impedance, consisting of resistive wave impedance, arterial compliance and peripheral resistance. Direct association of the elements with physical properties facilitated incorporation of nonlinear elastic properties of wall material and adaptation of vessel geometry to mechanical load. Use of the CircAdapt impedance model is extended to all arterial and venous connections to the heart. After incorporation in the existing CircAdapt model of whole circulation dynamics,

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